Kirill Lozinskiy works as a member of the Storage Systems Group, and shares the responsibility for maintaining the HPSS archive and various global filesystems.
Glenn K. Lockwood, Kirill Lozinskiy, Lisa Gerhardt, Ravi Cheema, Damian Hazen, Nicholas J. Wright, "Designing an All-Flash Lustre File System for the 2020 NERSC Perlmutter System", Proceedings of the 2019 Cray User Group, Montreal, January 1, 2019,
New experimental and AI-driven workloads are moving into the realm of extreme-scale HPC systems at the same time that high-performance flash is becoming cost-effective to deploy at scale. This confluence poses a number of new technical and economic challenges and opportunities in designing the next generation of HPC storage and I/O subsystems to achieve the right balance of bandwidth, latency, endurance, and cost. In this paper, we present the quantitative approach to requirements definition that resulted in the 30 PB all-flash Lustre file system that will be deployed with NERSC's upcoming Perlmutter system in 2020. By integrating analysis of current workloads and projections of future performance and throughput, we were able to constrain many critical design space parameters and quantitatively demonstrate that Perlmutter will not only deliver optimal performance, but effectively balance cost with capacity, endurance, and many modern features of Lustre.
Glenn K. Lockwood, Kirill Lozinskiy, Lisa Gerhardt, Ravi Cheema, Damian Hazen, Nicholas J. Wright, "A Quantitative Approach to Architecting All-Flash Lustre File Systems", ISC High Performance 2019: High Performance Computing, edited by Michele Weiland, Guido Juckeland, Sadaf Alam, Heike Jagode, (Springer International Publishing: 2019) Pages: 183--197 doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-34356-9_16
New experimental and AI-driven workloads are moving into the realm of extreme-scale HPC systems at the same time that high-performance flash is becoming cost-effective to deploy at scale. This confluence poses a number of new technical and economic challenges and opportunities in designing the next generation of HPC storage and I/O subsystems to achieve the right balance of bandwidth, latency, endurance, and cost. In this work, we present quantitative models that use workload data from existing, disk-based file systems to project the architectural requirements of all-flash Lustre file systems. Using data from NERSC’s Cori I/O subsystem, we then demonstrate the minimum required capacity for data, capacity for metadata and data-on-MDT, and SSD endurance for a future all-flash Lustre file system.
Nicholas Balthaser, Damian Hazen, Wayne Hurlbert, Owen James, Kristy Kallback-Rose, Kirill Lozinskiy, Moving the NERSC Archive to a Green Data Center, Storage Technology Showcase 2020, March 3, 2020,
- Download File: archive-move-NERSC-2020-02-05.pptx (pptx: 22 MB)
Description of methods used and challenges involved in moving the NERSC tape archive to a new data center with environmental cooling.
Nicholas Balthaser, Wayne Hurlbert, Kirill Lozinskiy, Owen James, Regent System Move Update, NERSC All-to-All Meeting, December 16, 2019,
Update on moving the NERSC center backup system from the Oakland Scientific Facility to LBL Building 59.
Glenn K. Lockwood, Kirill Lozinskiy, Kristy Kallback-Rose, NERSC's Perlmutter System: Deploying 30 PB of all-NVMe Lustre at scale, Lustre BoF at SC19, November 19, 2019,
- Download File: 2019-11-Lustre-BOF-talk-KKR-no-notes.pptx (pptx: 3 MB)
Update at SC19 Lustre BoF on collaborative work with Cray on deploying an all-flash Lustre tier for NERSC's Perlmutter Shasta system.
Nicholas Balthaser, Kirill Lozinskiy, Melinda Jacobsen, Kristy Kallback-Rose, NERSC Migration from Oracle tape libraries GPFS-HPSS-Integration Proof of Concept, October 16, 2019,
- Download File: NERSC-HUF-Update-Oct-2019.pdf (pdf: 61 MB)
NERSC updates on Storage 2020 Strategy & Progress, GHI Testing, Tape Library Update, Futures
Kirill Lozinskiy, Glenn K. Lockwood, Lisa Gerhardt, Ravi Cheema, Damian Hazen, Nicholas J. Wright, A Quantitative Approach to Architecting All‐Flash Lustre File Systems, Lustre User Group (LUG) 2019, May 15, 2019,
Kirill Lozinskiy, Lisa Gerhardt, Annette Greiner, Ravi Cheema, Damian Hazen, Kristy Kallback-Rose, Rei Lee, User-Friendly Data Management for Scientific Computing Users, Cray User Group (CUG) 2019, May 9, 2019,
Wrangling data at a scientific computing center can be a major challenge for users, particularly when quotas may impact their ability to utilize resources. In such an environment, a task as simple as listing space usage for one's files can take hours. The National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) has roughly 50 PBs of shared storage utilizing more than 4.6B inodes, and a 146 PB high-performance tape archive, all accessible from two supercomputers. As data volumes increase exponentially, managing data is becoming a larger burden on scientists. To ease the pain, we have designed and built a “Data Dashboard”. Here, in a web-enabled visual application, our 7,000 users can easily review their usage against quotas, discover patterns, and identify candidate files for archiving or deletion. We describe this system, the framework supporting it, and the challenges for such a framework moving into the exascale age.
Kristy Kallback-Rose, Tape Library and Media Evaluation and Planning - NERSC Site Update at the Linear Tape User Group, May 2, 2018,
- Download File: LTUG-2018-NERSC-Site-Update-compressed.pptx (pptx: 12 MB)
NERSC site update focusing on plans to implement new tape technology at the Berkeley Data Center.
Kristy Kallback-Rose, NERSC Site Report at HPC Advisory Council and HPCXXL User Group, April 12, 2018,
- Download File: HPCXXL-2018-NERSC-Site-Update-compressed.pptx (pptx: 13 MB)
NERSC Site Report focusing on plans for migration of tape-based system to new location and new technology, and collection of metrics for GPFS.
Glenn K. Lockwood, Damian Hazen, Quincey Koziol, Shane Canon, Katie Antypas, Jan Balewski, Nicholas Balthaser, Wahid Bhimji, James Botts, Jeff Broughton, Tina L. Butler, Gregory F. Butler, Ravi Cheema, Christopher Daley, Tina Declerck, Lisa Gerhardt, Wayne E. Hurlbert, Kristy A. Kallback-
Rose, Stephen Leak, Jason Lee, Rei Lee, Jialin Liu, Kirill Lozinskiy, David Paul, Prabhat, Cory Snavely, Jay Srinivasan, Tavia Stone Gibbins, Nicholas J. Wright,
"Storage 2020: A Vision for the Future of HPC Storage",
October 20, 2017,
- Download File: Storage-2020-A-Vision-for-the-Future-of-HPC-Storage.pdf (pdf: 3.6 MB)